What does it mean when your skin is dry and flaky?

You know the skin is dry when it feels tight and when flaky, rough patches start popping up on forehead and cheeks.

But what exactly causing that dryness?

So to learn more about dry skin in general and get clarification on frequently discussed causes behind the issue, we going to identify in this article.

Here are a few causes:

The Aging Process

Yes, the aging process can contribute toward the development of dryness.

As we age, we have decreases in hormones that keep our skin elastic, as well as fewer natural oils.


Sun damage over time can contribute toward the issue as well.

Hot Showers

Long, scalding hot showers aren’t great for your skin.

Hot water causes more oil and moisture to be removed from the skin.

The longer the bath or shower and the hotter, the more this process is exacerbated.


Over-exfoliating with ingredients like salicylic acids, alpha hydroxy acids, and beta hydroxy acids, can remove the outer layer of the skin’s moisture barrier.

When the acid mantle is disrupted, transepidermal water loss occurs and your skin becomes dry, dull, and inflamed.

Dry Air

Yes, you can actually blame your heater and even cold, winter weather for the dry patches on your skin.


Dry air also causes an increase in transepidermal water loss through our natural skin moisture barrier.

Remember, because there are many different causes behind dryness, it’s not a bad idea to reach out to your dermatologist for help identifying what’s behind your dry skin symptoms.

The good news: there are things we can do to help prevent the issue as we head into winter.

Specifically we recommend using gentle cleaners, ceramide-based creams, and hyaluronic acid-based serums to re-hydrate the skin.

Also many dermatologists  recommend a little-known oil that can apparently do wonders for your beauty game – from fighting inflammation to reducing wrinkles.

Called borage seed oil, this up-and-comer is an antioxidant that strengthens the skin barrier while fighting inflammation and nourishing damage.

Borage seed oil helps to soothe and nourish skin by providing a high concentration of gamma-linolenic acid.


It helps to reduce inflammation and works well to calm the skin, improving dry and irritated skin without leaving the skin feeling greasy.

It can be applied topically to the skin once or twice per day and may be found in preparations that are 100% borage seed oil or as part of other combinations.

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