Providing protein and fiber, mushrooms have also been found to be beneficial in losing weight.
And now, researchers have identified another good reason to eat more mushrooms.
New research , published in Food Science & Nutrition (January 2021) found that adding a mushroom serving to the diet increased the intake of several micronutrients.
That including shortfall nutrients such as vitamin D, without any increase in calories, sodium or fat.
Dr. Victor L. Fulgoni III and Dr. Sanjiv Agarwal modeled the addition of mushrooms to National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2016 dietary data.
They looking at a composite of white, crimini and portabella mushrooms at a 1:1:1 ratio; one scenario including UV-light exposed mushrooms; and one scenario including oyster mushrooms for both 9-18 years and 19+ years of age based on an 84g or ½ cup equivalent serving.
Key findings include:
- Adding an 84g serving of mushrooms increased several shortfall nutrients including potassium and fiber. This was true for the white, crimini and portabella 1:1:1 mix and the oyster mushrooms.
- The addition of a serving (84 g) of mushrooms to the diet resulted in an increase in dietary fiber (5%-6%), copper (24%-32%), phosphorus (6%), potassium (12%-14%), selenium (13%-14%), zinc (5%-6%), riboflavin (13%-15%), niacin (13%-14%), and choline (5%-6%) in both adolescents and adults; but had no impact on calories, carbohydrate, fat or sodium.
- When commonly consumed mushrooms are exposed to UV-light to provide 5 mcg vitamin D per serving, vitamin D intake could meet and slightly exceed the recommended daily value (98% – 104%) for both the 9 -18 year and 19+ year groups as well as decrease inadequacy of this shortfall nutrient in the population.
- A serving of UV-light exposed commonly consumed mushrooms decreased population inadequacy for vitamin D from 95.3% to 52.8% for age group 9-18 years and from 94.9% to 63.6% for age group 19+ years.
“This research validated what we already knew that adding mushrooms to your plate is an effective way to reach the dietary goals.
Data from surveys such as NHANES are used to assess nutritional status and its association with health promotion and disease prevention and assist with formulation of national standards and public health policy (CDC, 2020).”
Mushrooms are fungi – a member of the third food kingdom.
They are biologically distinct from plant and animal-derived foods.
yet have a unique nutrient profile that provides nutrients common to both plant and animal foods.
Although classified into food grouping systems by their use as a vegetable, mushrooms’ increasing use in main entrees in plant-forward diets is growing.
Supporting consumers’ efforts to follow food-based dietary guidelines recommendations to lower intake of calories, saturated fatty acids, and sodium.
while increasing intake of under-consumed nutrients including fiber, potassium and vitamin D.
Often grouped with vegetables, mushrooms provide many of the nutrient attributes of produce, as well as attributes more commonly found in meat, beans or grains.
According to the USDA’s FoodData Central , 5 medium raw, white mushrooms (90g) contain 20 calories, 0g fat, 3g protein and are very low in sodium (0mg/
Mushrooms are one of the best dietary sources of sulfur-containing antioxidant amino acid ergothioneine and tripeptide glutathione.
Ergothioneine and glutathione contents in mushrooms depends upon the mushroom varieties.
For example, oyster mushrooms contain more amounts of these sulfur-containing antioxidants than commonly consumed mushrooms such as white button, crimini, or portabella mushrooms.
The addition of a serving of commonly consumed mushrooms and oyster mushrooms would be expected to add 2.24 and 24.0 mg ergothioneine.
With mushrooms growing in awareness and consideration among consumers nationwide.
In 2019, the Mushroom Council made a $1.5 million multi-year investment in research to help broaden understanding of the food’s nutritional qualities and overall health benefits.
In addition to the analysis of mushrooms for bioactives/ergothioneine, additional research projects approved include:
- Health promoting effects of including mushrooms as part of a healthy eating pattern.
- Mushrooms’ relationship with cognitive health in older adults.
- Mushrooms’ impact on brain health in an animal model.
- Nutritional impact of adding a serving of mushrooms.
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